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Examples of foods on the thyroid diet food list include complex carbohydrates, such as brown rice, certain vegetables, healthy fats and certain seeds, explains SF Gate. Shellfish is another food that supports the thyroid. The foods increase the levels of thyroid hormone and better the functioning of the thyroid gland.

Low production of thyroid hormone leads to a disorder known as hypothyroidism, according to SF Gate. Eating a healthy balanced diet can counter this problem. The levels of iodine in the bloodstream should be minimum for a proper functioning of the thyroid gland.

Vegetables, including lima beans, corn, green peas and potatoes with skin, are low in iodine and other minerals, enhancing the health and production of thyroid gland and thyroid hormone respectively, explains SF Gate. Other good sources of iodine include shellfish such as prawn and shrimp, and seaweeds such as kelp. Individuals can also get iodine from table salt.

Fruits, vegetables, whole-grain pasta and whole-bread are rich in carbohydrates that aid in returning thyroid hormone levels to normal, states SF Gate. People who suffer from hypothyroidism tend to undergo constipation, difficulty digestion and stomach discomfort, so eating these dietary fiber-rich foods may not only speed up digestion but also relieve constipation. Healthy fats can be found in coconut oil, linseed oil, olive oil and canola oil. Fatty acids such as cashews, sesame seeds, sunflower seeds and flax seeds improve the levels of thyroid hormone.

Good diet for an underactive thyroid

A good diet for an underactive thyroid includes nutrient-rich foods like fish, dairy, whole grains and plant-based foods, according to Everyday Health. Recommended plant-based foods include fruits, vegetables, nuts and seaweed.

Fish is good for an underactive thyroid because of its high concentration of omega-3 fatty acids. Hypothyroidism can lead to increased risk of heart disease, and omega-3 fatty acids counteract this by raising protective low-density lipoprotein, or LDL, cholesterol. LDL decreases inflammation that can damage the heart, reports Everyday Health.

Nuts are valuable as a high source of selenium, which is vital to thyroid function and reduces inflammation, states Everyday Health. Nuts with high concentrations of selenium include hazelnuts, macadamia nuts and Brazil nuts. Whole grains are a good source of dietary fiber to help prevent constipation that is common with underactive thyroid. Fresh fruits and vegetables are also rich in fiber and provide a high nutrient value for low calories. Fruits and vegetables that are high in antioxidants, such as green peppers, sweet potatoes, blueberries and cherries, are especially healthy.

Beans are a good choice for underactive thyroid because of their fiber and antioxidant content. Dairy is important for vitamin D, and seaweed is essential for its iodine content, reports Everyday Health.

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